Sharks are arguably the scariest deep-sea creature in the world. However, there is a much a bigger type of fish than a shark. It’s named Megalodon.

Believe it or not, this sort of fish was incredibly much larger and a lot ferocious in comparison to a shark! It was actually a monstrous prehistoric shark that’s huge enough to swallow an whole elephant.

It is one of the biggest predators that dominated the saline water in the early times.

Megalodon’s skeleton didn’t preserve very well since it was consisted largely of cartilage, instead of bone that’s very similar to that of the contemporary sharks. Theories about the anatomy and feeding habits of Megalodon stem largely from its fossilized teeth, which may reach up to 7 inches in length.

Moreover, experts think that Megalodons may have fed on porpoises and whales since there are a lot of whale bones which shows various teeth marks which could have been from the monstrous type of fish. Believe or not, the minute this monster shark exert more massive pressure with its bite, it is more than sufficient to slice the flesh of some of its prey.

At present, the size of the Megalodon is still a subject of intense debate. When you come right down to it, Megalodon is indeed the hugest fish that flourished in every corner of the planet’s deepest seas during the olden days. And like the sharks, Megalodon proved that it is once a successful species in this world.

Pesky Squirrels

Mammal, Wood, Nature, Cute, Wildlife

Because of their cute and cuddly nature and their adorable fluffy tails, many will often forget when they spot a squirrel that is actually a rodent that can cause considerable property damage while in search of food. While their diet primarily consists of nuts, fruits, seeds, and plant, during the early spring as much of this isn’t yet available this species will consume eggs, eggs, small birds, snakes and even other rodents. Squirrels are obviously clever and will often find ways to get food that other rodents would not usually be able to access, like eating out of bird feeders situated high off the ground or digging up seeds, nuts, and bulbs that were located by their excellent little noses. They’re also curious by nature and will easily explore new areas for food or a suitable den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with humans and within many public parks and universities view us as ample resources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet within the home if raised from a really young age. They can be taught tricks and are normally as intelligent as most canine breeds. A few college campuses have even began a sport called squirrel fishing; a game where you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see how far the squirrel could be lifted off the ground before releasing his snack. Others consider squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are however high in cholesterol and have a strong gamey taste.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these can often be seen both high in trees and burrowed inside the floor. In squirrel infested areas that border residential houses they will also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use substances found inside the house to build their nest. Power outages are also sometimes on account of the curious animal wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and twice this species has been demonstrated to topple even the mighty NASDAQ stock market.

Keeping squirrels out of your home can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, particularly if there’s a large population of those nearby. This species can grow to be very territorial during mating period (or after giving birth) and a quiet attic can frequently become the ideal hideout for these creatures. The easiest way to prevent an infestation is to reduce entry in the first place by sealing up any holes or other entryways which would normally go unnoticed. In northern areas it is also important not to overlook the chimney; using their exceptional climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it. If a professional is required, they will install small metal cages to trap the creature within and use favorite treats such as nuts or peanut butter as incentives. Others have had success deploying a blanket rubbed across their pet or deploying animal urine to produce the illusion of a predator inside the crawlspace, but so long as there is access the squirrel will eventually return.

Largemouth bass

Image result for largemouth bass

The species,’Largemouth bass’ belongs to the group of’micropterus psalmodies’ biologically and is prevalently understood by various kinds of names. Some call it ‘wide-mouth bass’, some others term it as’bigmouth’ or’black bass’! Whatever be the name by which you tackle it, the’largemouth bass’ is a subject of interest to all who prefer to study on the different species of living creatures which lie around in this wide world! ‘Largemouth bass’ is recognized as the’state fish’ of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida and Tennessee.

The body color of these species resembles the emerald colour or which in other words can be termed as an olive color and this makes the physical shape little interesting! You can observe some dark marks scattered on every side of the body that provides the total body shape a quaint look! Another specialty is that the upper jaw reaches to the back border of the orbit that’s the cavity of the skull in which the eyes are situated. These are popularly called the’game fish’ and generally they will grow up to 30 inches and weigh 20 lbs!

The eating habits of the species are really interesting to observe! The little ones usually take the bait-fish or the luring fish, scuds, small shrimps and smaller bugs; whereas the grown-up ones absorbs the fresh water sunfish, crayfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders and bats. They sometimes eat small varieties of water birds, mammals, and small reptiles like alligators!

If you take some sensible precautions while you do fishing, then certainly you will be prosperous in catching these species. Try using some plastic worms of different colours and of lighter qualities and you can see the difference! Search them around the pier sides near the towers, the stone structures and underneath the wild plants or flowers. Another area to look for this species is the regions wherever you find the diving birds! Birds love to devour’largemouth bass’ and so if you notice the low flying and diving of birds , you can definitely be sure that there are a number of sizable quantity of’largemouth bass’ underneath! Take care to fish during the first part of the day because this is the time when lots of the’largemouth bass’ come-out in their hiding places! You can also avoid places of high activities because’largemouth bass’ are shy of places of hectic activities. They always like the calm and quiet locations and so search them only at quieter places!

You should make a clear review of the site where you plan to do fishing. The’largemouth bass’ like clear, clean water where there are enough springs that makes the water always clean. They always prefer fresh running water compared to stagnant water. So don’t waste your time in a mucky flow where there is no enough pure or rain water! You also need to avoid the beginning regions of the stream which is too near the banks. These species typically do not prefer such’close to the bank’ locations! Selecting the correct fishing pole and reel is also of much importance. You must go for a very light rod with only 4 to 6 lbs and this could be much suited for the purpose of catching a’largemouth bass’.


Manatees, Seaworld Orlando, Underwater

The Florida manatee is a large mammal with a body that tapers down to a paddle like tail. They have two front flippers and every flipper has between three and four nails. The nearest relative to the manatee is the elephant. On average, an adult manatee is approximately 10 feet long and weighs 1000 pounds.

You can find manatees in shallow water coastal regions, slow moving rivers and estuaries, mainly where sea grass beds or fresh water vegetation are abundant. Manatees are a migratory animal. In the United States, manatees are concentrated in Florida during the winter months and in the summer months, manatees may travel as far west as Texas, and north along the Atlantic shore to the Carolinas with some having partnerships as far north as Massachusetts.

Most of the time they are found resting, eating, and on the move. Manatees are herbivorous meaning they’re vegetarian and consume only algae and plants. Manatees may rest on the bottom, or just under the surface, for up to 20 minutes. They can swim close to 20 miles per hour, but do so in just short bursts when scared or attempting to get out of harm’s way,

It’s projected that manatees can live as long as 60 years. They have no known enemies except for man and many human related deaths are caused by watercraft. Ultimately, the manatee’s loss of habitat is the most serious threat in the United States today.

The gestation rate for manatees is 12 months. A female will give birth on average only every two to five decades. Mothers will nurse their young for between 1 and 2 years, during that time the calf will remain dependent on the mother.

Shepherds Pie

Image result for shepherds pie

When used as a verb, the word shepherd means to guide something (such as sheep); move them in the direction of where you want them . For sheep, that often means from their pencil to a field of grass where they graze. Therefore, the shepherd shepherds the sheep to the field from their pencil.
A pie is composed of pastry formed into a bowl which will contain a staple food product that the baker selects (meat, vegetables, or fruit). With that much done, the product could be called something other than a pie. When the baker adds a pastry cover (top or lid) then bakes her or his invention, he or she has baked pie. The name shepherd’s pie implies that mutton (the meat of sheep) got baked into the dish. While true, if the baker chooses to use mutton, the name shepherd’s pie applies to some edible food shepherded to the pastry bowl.
You know the title for prepared food products that were not all consumed: leftovers. Shepherd’s pie, a freshly-baked presentation of kitchen leftovers, provides a baker with an array of chance to liven up an otherwise B record meal while functionally clearing the refrigerator of older, yet useable food before it spoils. I’ve seen the name”cowboy’s pie.” A pie will eat (taste) the same if the title changes; the pie itself stays the same. Cowboys herd cattle, as shepherds herd sheep. Some fishermen herd fish into a trap, so you may have fisherman’s pie if you wish, and you probably should call it that if you baked leftover fish in your pie.
If from Argentina, you might consult with your pie as gaucho pie, since a gaucho (the Argentinean word for a cowboy) herds cows while on horseback. Speaking of cows, western Americans prefer the title cattle, and they detest the term boy when speaking to themselves and their tradition of herding cows. They like cattlemen better. Cattlemen’s pie works then, doesn’t it? Additionally, it sounds better than cowboy’s pie. Probably, we should let go there, because cattlemen do not usually herd cows, which live in barns, create dairy products, and make small cows (calves).

Bunny Talk

European Rabbits, Bunnies, Grass

Words are extremely important in showing and portraying someone’s emotions. Words make the planet more expressive and meaningful. Therefore, it’s important to be mindful and aware of the words that are blurted out because great consequences may come later. In short, words are strong in the conduct of everyday life.

There are times that we can’t find the perfect words to express something, right? When this happens, we create noises hoping that these are enough to portray whatever we’re feeling.

Animals are known to make noises because they cannot speak. Lions, as an example, roar to get the message across, snakes hiss to tell something, and other animals make noises to attract a partner or scare an enemy. There are several of these that may be observed when you go into the wilderness.

If you are thinking of getting a pet, you should be ready for the noises they make. You wouldn’t want to appear rude by dismissing your pet’s effort to communicate with you. They might be called sound, but these do mean something. Thus, it is important that you understand what to expect so that you won’t get agitated when you hear one.

If you would like a pet bunny, then it is helpful that you know the sounds they make ahead. Here are some of these that they have a tendency to make. Hopefully you can understand the message:

  1. Tooth Grinding (Soft)


  • When they make this noise, it signifies discomfort or distress.
  1. Grunt
  • It means they are happy, excited and interested.
  1. Growl
  • This means they’re agitated or angry. It may also indicate a fear of something.
  1. Scream

There are times that this means panic, too.

  1. Snort
  • This indicates pleasure while eating or grooming. You should be happy once you hear this because it conveys happiness.
  1. Foot thump
  • It can mean two things: they either sense danger or they are only expressing anger or frustration.
  1. Mating Noises
  • This may sound unthinkable. When hearing such, it would mean they are mating.

Normally, rabbits are quiet but there are other rabbits who prefer to be more”outspoken” in expressing whatever they feel inside. It is excellent to know the meaning of the noise they make because you will know when they’re happy, contented, sad, and sick.

If you cannot provide them with what they need, then you should think about giving them back to the shelter.

Facts About Ferns

Fern, Leaf, Roll, Nature, Plant, Natural

A fern is a sort of plant with about 12,000 species known. They also bear roots, leaves and stalks like other vascular plants but they lack seeds and blossoms.

The expression pteridophyte also refers to ferns. A pteridologist research about ferns and lycophytes. Fossil record indicates that they evolved 360 million years back in the Carboniferous period but vast majority of those living ferns are approximately 145 million years old that evolved in the Cretaceous. They’re not so significant from the commercial point of view but are developed for ornamentation, food or remediating soils. Some are weeds and a few hold special place in mythology, art and culture.

Ferns are vascular plants differing from lycophytes by having leaves that are true. They differ from gymnosperms and angiosperms in lacking seeds and blossoms but bear spores. Their life cycle reveals alternation of production which means it is composed of diploid sporophytic and a haploid gametophytic stage. A spore grows by mitosis and creates gametophyte which develops photosynthetic prothallus. A mobile, flagellated sperm fertilizes the egg that’s connected to the prothallus. A zygote that’s currently diploid produces sporophyte by mitosis.

They prefer to stay in a huge array of habitats ranging from distant mountain elevations, to arid desert stone faces, to bodies of water or in open areas. Generally they prefer four kinds of habitats namely moist, shady forests; crevices in rock faces, particularly when sheltered from the complete sun; acidity wetlands such as bogs and swamps; and tropical trees, where many species are epiphytes.

Many are known to produce relationships with mycorrhizal fungi. The spores are rich supply of lipids, protein and carbs are consumed by a few animals. The stem is generally a underground rhizome but sometimes it’s a ground creeping stolon or semi-woody tree trunk. The leaves are green and photosynthetic and are called fronds due to their horizontal arrangement. Tropophylls participate only in photosynthesis such as the leaves of other vascular plants. Sporophylls produce spores and in comparison with the scales of pines. In addition they photosynthesize like tropophylls. Brophophylls produce abnormally high number of spores. They are fibrous like other vascular plants.

Prothallus is green, photosynthetic structure generally 1 cell thick. It’s heart of bladder shaped measuring 3-10 mm long and 2-8 mm wide. It produces gametes in the kind of antheridia and archegonia. Anteridia are small spherical structures which produce flagellated sperms. Archegonia are flask-shaped structures which produce single egg. Rhizoids are root like construction that absorbs water and minerals. They anchor prothallus to dirt.

FAQ Great Barrier Reef

Marine, Great Barrier Reef, Blue

Known through out the world since the only naturally built structure that could be seen in the moon, the Great Barrier Reed spans a huge distance of over 2,600 km. This natural formation constructed by billions of coral polyps is a UNESCO World Heritage and has enjoyed some of the world’s accolades as far as marine biodiversity is concerned. It is paramount in study and research of marine organisms in the Pacific region and around the world. Quite honestly, nothing is like it. It’s a behemoth on its own. It’s situated Queensland, Australia.

Life in the Great Barrier is nothing short of easy. The principle of survival of the fittest holds true; planktons supply food for the smallest fishes, which are also the feeding frenzy of smaller fishes, which are also the means of survival for the bigger ones and so on and so forth till it reaches man’s level, the maximum place in the food chain.

The reef has received so much focus from both the neighborhood Australian government as well as from international agencies promoting balance in the natural environment. It is an epitome of natural wealth and treasure which is too precious to ignore. They do what they can to preserve and protect the natural happenings of events from the reef and to lessen the potentially harmful activities that may disrupt the natural balance. The reef is nature’s gift to men; it’s too valuable to just plunder and bangle with.

The reed supports a broad selection of marine life. It is not called one of the seven natural wonders of the world for nothing. True, it amazes those who came to visit; most tourist visiting the world left with an astounding memory of something which is so expansive and an experience that is too precious and unforgettable.

Tourism from the world brings in funds for the Australian government over any other marine thing in Australia. Averaging annually at a whopping A$ 4 billion in 2003. Around 2 million people would visit the Great Barrier Reef annually that subsequently has been argued to post threat to the reef.

Something that is a enormous gift, like in the form of the Great Barrier Reef should be carefully handled. It should be cared for and considered fragile. It’s value should be well discerned in order to maintain its life and its glorious beauty.

The Trees

Tree, Fall, Fall Colors, Fall Leaves

There are lots of different types of trees which stem from different areas of the world. Here’s a list of a few of these, in addition to the country’s other national treasures.

Japanese trees:

Japanese trees, often called Cherry Blossoms, are native to a lot of East Asian states like Japan, Korea, and China. The humanity of the blossoms- their attractiveness and speedy death- is frequently associated with mortality, the symbolism of that is usually seen in Western art, anime and movie.

Another treasure from Japan is their yummy fish. Over the fish itself, is the Japanese method of preparing it, called sushi. Sushi has become a beloved food collection amongst people throughout the world.

Maple trees:

The red sugar maple foliage is the outstanding quality of the Canadian flag. It can nevertheless be quite costly when sold overseas.

While Canada isn’t famous for their cuisine, they do have a couple of dishes worth mentioning. Poutine is among them. Poutine is a Quebecois dish which is made up of French fries, cheese curds and hot gravy. By adding the hot sauce on the other components, they melt together, making a delicious- though gluttonous- meal.

Banana trees:

As you may have guessed, banana trees grow bananas and they’re native to tropical South and Southeast Asia. Having said this, today banana trees have been grown in at least 107 states, mostly due to their fruit.

Based upon your culinary preference, South and Southeast Asia have some of the most delicious foods in the world, which range from Indian curries, to Thai mango salads, to the countless types of sticky rice from Laos. Each area has their own spices and ways of preparing dishes which make them authentic.

So you see, as well as ingesting carbon dioxide and providing us oxygen with which to breath and grow things, trees provide food, syrup, beautiful flowers and more.

Artemis Tree Services provide their customers with a complete selection of professional tree care services to make sure your trees, shrubs and hedges stay healthy and beautiful.

Butterflies in Your Yard

Butterfly, Thailand, Insect, Animal

The best way to do this is to supply butterflies with an assortment of plants that are attractive to butterflies native to your region. Don’t just visit the regional big-box retailer and purchase anything with the word”butterfly” in it. Do some basic research on your own, which is quite easy to do online, and you will fare far better.

The first thing you need to do is assess which sort of environment you might have. Is your lawn wooded, or largely a backyard type? Some butterflies will only visit a particular kind of environment, and regardless of what plants you have, they won’t visit them if they’re not in the ideal location.

The next step is to do an online search for your city or county, and see what butterflies are generally found there. As soon as you do so, cross-reference that info with the sort of environment you’ve (woody, garden, etc.. .) . Most often times lists such as that will also record the host plant of the butterfly, but otherwise, you can look for this too.

A host plant is the sort of plant they will lay their eggs . Normally butterflies will have a wide assortment of nectar plants where they will feed, but only 1 host plant that they’ll use to deposit their eggs. The monarch butterfly, as an instance, will feed from many different sort of nectar plants (lantana, periwinkle, pentas, etc.. .) But only have a single host plant, that’s the milkweed. The monarch butterfly is only going to lay their eggs on a milkweed plant, because that’s the only plant which their larvae (caterpillars) can consume.

To draw the most butterflies to your yard, you may have an assortment of nectar plants, but it’s most important to have the host plants. You’ll discover, by planting many of the host plants together, you’ll draw a whole lot of species of butterfly.